Is Jakarta Tap Water Safe to Drink? (2019)

Safe to drink?No
Passed the WHO International Standard?No
The estimated price of bottled water in USD(1.5-liter)$0.53

The tap water in Jakarta, Indonesia, is not safe to drink. But other inhabitants do drink the tap water after boiling. Tap water in Indonesia is not suitable for direct drinking, including hotels tap. You can use water for washing and showers. Most hotels will provide you with mineral water. We strongly advised to only drink bottled water, mineral water, or purified water that you can get from any convenience store or supermarket.

Jakarta tap water
Jakarta, Indonesia

Terrible tap water does cause by household sewage, industrial effluents, agricultural runoff, and mismanaged solid waste contaminating surface water and groundwater. Indonesia ranks among the worst nations in Asia in sewerage and sanitation coverage. Some Indonesian cities possess even minimal sanitation systems.

Jakarta has 15 rivers. Unfortunately, several rivers polluted in Jakarta. Many rivers have problems with rubbish that cause the color of the water, not only cloudy and brown but unpleasant smells. Pollutants or chemicals causing water changed in color and aroma. Also, the dumping of industrial waste into the river, done by people that have no awareness to preserve the environment, throw garbage into the river. As a result, the river has become a giant rubbish bin.

Source of Water in Jakarta Indonesia

The primary tap water source in Jakarta mainly comes from water purification of Citarum River and different areas outside Jakarta, such as Jatiluhur Dam. The second water source option is groundwater. Unfortunately, groundwater was not a very dependable water source for domestic needs. There is only a limited amount of groundwater in Jakarta, and to access that water for internal uses, people have to compete with the private sector that has done a significant abstraction for their industrial activity.

Wastewater- another water management issue that needs to be considered more thoroughly to a higher population density. The activity affects not only the water supply and demand but also the production of wastewater discharged to the river or open channel. There is still 75% of the remaining wastewater that remains untreated in Jakarta. However, this amount of sewage is even discharged straight into the rivers. More significant than 50% of the shallow wells have contaminated by E. coli that comes from domestic wastewater, and more than 10% of shallow wells also have contaminated by iron and manganese (Tutuko, 2002). Based on BPLHD Pollutant Index from 2004-2009, most of the river water quality in Jakarta was extremely polluted. However, from 2007 to 2008 there was a decreasing in the polluted river water percentage. Generally, the river water in Jakarta remained highly contaminated.

Some of the Local Convenience Stores in Jakarta

Alfamida convenience store
Alfamida
  • Indomaret
  • Sagar
  • Circle K
  • Lawson
  • Alfamidi
  • MOR
  • Berkah
  • FamilyMart
  • UH Mart
  • Sun Mart
  • Royal Mart
  • Starmart
  • Shell Select

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeIDRUSDEURGBP
1.5-liter7476.19$0.53€0.48£0.41

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