Tap Water in Barcelona Safe for Drinking? (2019)

Can you drink tap water in Barcelona? Yes, drinking tap water in Barcelona is safe! According to Ministerio de Sanidad(Ministry of Health) and Aigües de Barcelona, Barcelona’s tap water meets all international standards and passes all water regulations.

W.H.O. Water Sanitation and Health Links

Download PDF file.

Above all, many choose to drink bottled water. Although Barcelona’s tap water is safe and clean. Due to the poor taste of the water that comes from the extensive chlorination method. This is because of Barcelona’s position along the Mediterranean Sea. They need to use more chlorine to prevent the high mineral content found in the stone that runs along the coast. In other words, high chlorine levels cause tap water to taste then and smell poorly.

Source of Water in Barcelona, Spain

Barcelona Tap Water

We should consider the water source to determine the water quality of the city. Tap water in Barcelona came from the Ter and the Llobregat river. The Llobregat, which provides the city with the majority of its water and has very high levels of minerals such as potassium and magnesium.

The river crosses into a very salty region northwest of Barcelona near the town of Súria. As a result, the water from the Llobregat tastes much better in areas before the river reaches Súria. Later, it gets salty. They can only handle 20% of the city’s water needs and are very costly to operate. The bad taste of the water comes from high salt levels. The osmosis system somewhat eliminates the salty taste. Also, the high levels of chlorine used to protect it from contamination. 

Common Convenience Stores in Barcelona

  • Consigmar
  • Supermarket
  • Pampa Drugstore
  • Casa Ruiz Granel Selecto Barcelona-Eixample E
  • Marítima Dávila Barcelona
  • CLAVESEGUR
  • Supermercat Express
  • Best Barcelona Shopping S L
  • Basar Amic
  • Unió 11

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeUSDEURAUDGBP
1.5-liter$0.74€0.66A$1.07£0.60

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Tap Water in Paris Safe to Drink? (2019)

The answer is Yes, you can drink the tap water in Paris, France and most Parisians (if not to say all) are doing it each day.


If you are out for dinner, you may request a “caraffe d’eau” instead of getting bottled water which is expensive. The waiter will serve you a pitcher of tap water that is safe to drink. Perhaps you’ll notice a faint chloral smell or taste but don’t worry about it, and it is clean and safe!


Locals suggest that you bring your bottle and use the publicly available water sources. Paris has a massive amount of fountains that provide free freshwater and is heaven in this respect for everyone that seeks to avoid plastic waste, and that is traveling on a budget!

Source of Water in Paris, France

Paris Tap Water

Half of the drinking water needs in Paris and regions come from the Seine. And the other half comes from aquifers and aqueducts.

The drinking water system is supplied mainly by reservoirs located at sites serving Paris. The areas of distribution of water from various sources can vary from time to time because of the constraints of production.

  • The Montsouris reservoir – (203,000 m³) supplies, from the waters of the Vanne and Loing aqueducts.
  • The Ménilmontant and Lilas reservoirs, the Belleville and Montmartre reservoirs and tanksHay-les-Roses – (300,000 m³) supplies, from the water coming from the Joinville plant and reservoir (229,000 m3) supplies water from the Orly plant
  • The Saint-Cloud reservoir – (355,000 m³) supplies water from the Avre aqueduct.

Here Are Some of the Convenience Stores in Paris

  • Supérette Beaumarchais
  • Proxi
  • Le Petit Casino
  • Cocci Market
  • VT CASH AND CARRY
  • M&S Food Châtelet les Halles
  • Space Market
  • Épicerie Libre Service
  • Hana Food
  • Paris Store
  • Casino shop
  • Monop’
  • Grocer’s Shop chez Sami
  • Auchan
  • Karas Market
  • D’Accord

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeEURUSDGBP
1.5-liter €0.87$0.97 £0.80

Other Sources:


Is Tap Water in Berlin Safe to Drink? (2019)

The tap water in Berlin is safe, and it is the most examined food product in Germany. Although there are differences in water from region to region, it is generally of very high quality. So there is no need to buy and drink bottled water. It is advised and even promoted to fill your bottles with tap water rather than buying plastic bottles all the time.

berlin tap water

During the event on March 22, 2018, on World Water Day, Berlin became part of the Blue Community, an initiative that is “dedicated to treating water as a human right and not as a commodity.” As part of this devotion, the Berlin Senate allotted 1 Million Euros to the Berliner Wasserbetriebe to raise the number of Berlin drinking fountains.

Bottled water consumption in Germany is surprisingly high. Some regions tap water may taste awful, and some are worried about contaminated water due to the piping system in their household or building. Usually, the taste is relevant to the hardness of the water. While softer water tastes great almost everywhere, harder water ordinarily tastes better cold. Tea drinkers prefer soft water. The other concern with hard water is that it usually needs more chlorine to remain safe and sometimes contains a lot of limescale.

Source of Water in Berlin, Germany

Source of tap water in Berlin is from groundwater and not directly from the river or any of the many lakes. Indirectly the groundwater is fed by surface water. But by flowing into the ground, the water is then filtered by the different tiers of sand and soil.

The local water supplier then pumps groundwater. Water, then treated at the local water supply works. In this process, the water quality is checked repeatedly, even before pumping it from the ground. You may review testing results to the Berlin water supplier website by postal code.

You don’t need to worry about using or drinking water, as it does not need further treatment. Berliner Wasserbetriebe has sophisticated wastewater treatment, the vast water conservation areas in the city, as well as the soil layers, which naturally clean the water, ensure good groundwater quality.

Some of the Local Convenience Stores in Berlin

  • Hub Convenience
  • Polats Minimarkt
  • Spät Kauf 7Days shop
  • Ela Spätkauf
  • Das Unikat
  • Drink Shop
  • SPAR express
  • Eberty Point
  • SPÄTSHOP
  • Späti Raumer 6
  • Schnäppchenprinz
  • SPIFF24
  • Late Shop

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeEURUSDGBP
1.5-liter€0.75$0.82£0.67

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Is Tap Water in Kiev Safe to Drink? (2019)

The tap water in Kiev, Ukraine, is safe for drinking. But again, tap water may differ in every region. Some locals drink tap water in Kyiv/Kiev, and others will boil the water for about 5 minutes, and you may find water filters in their household. In most Ukraine cities drinking tap water is not harmful. In Kiev, water is hard, and chlorinated, because of the treatment process. One of the reasons others prefer bottled water or purified water due to its taste. According to Ukrainians, the water standard here is slightly more strict than EU standards.

Kiev Tap Water

If you prefer bottled water, you either purchase from any supermarket or convenience store. The most convenient part is you can order and have it delivered to your place. One of the biggest supermarkets in Ukraine is METRO. You can order on their website, and you can choose the delivery time or schedule a delivery.

Source of Water in Kiev, Ukraine

The primary source of water in Kiev is from surface water. Another source will be groundwater. Primarily surface water came from the Dnieper and Desna rivers that resulted in nontoxic after test samples. During spring, the two river samples brought about the relative decrease in the lettuce root length (by 35%, p < 0.001), where the Desna River sample reduced (by 79.1%, p < 0.001) number of microalga cells.

Locally the Kyiv Sea is a vast water reservoir found on the Dnieper River in Ukraine. In 1960-1966, they built a lake as a result of the Kyiv Hydroelectric Power Plant dam built at Vyshhorod. Mainly they are using the reservoir for hydroelectricity generation, industrial and public consumption, and irrigation.

Here Some of the Local Convenience Stores in Kiev

  • METRO Cash & Carry
  • Mega Market
  • Silpo
  • Billa
  • Shell
  • Velyka Kyshenya Ekspres
  • Мини Маркет
  • Starokiyevskiy
  • Oleksandrivsʹkyy
  • Pchiyolka
  • WOG
  • Lotok
  • Market Plus
  • Buta

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeUAHUSDEURGBP
1.5-liter ₴12.87$0.52€0.47£0.40

Other links:


Tap Water in Milan Safe to Drink? (2019)

In Milan, Italy tap water is safe to drink. Nevertheless, there have been some complaints on leeching pipes, obtained from old buildings. Those have been affected due to the pollution produced by lead, metals, microplastics, and chlorine by-products. Fortunately, you can only find contaminants in some areas. Before drinking tap water, it is essential to ask expats near you.

Source of Water in Milan, Italy

Milan tap Water

Drinking water in Milan came from 433 wells in the vicinity of the city. That said, other cities in Italy source of water is from rivers.

A yearly fifty-eight billion cubic meters expected water resources in Italy by which 72% came from surface water and 28% from groundwater. About 70% of the underground resources are in the massive flood plains of northern Italy, while groundwater in southern Italy is confined in the short stretches of coastal plains and a few inner areas.

The Vedovelle Fountains

The vedovelle are the typical dark green cast-iron public drinking fountains in Milan; they are about one and a half meters high and fifty centimeters wide. A dragon’s head emerged from a rectangular base adorned with the municipality of Milan design and topped with a pinion.

The strange name given to the drinking fountains originates from the sound of the endless stream of water that recalls the inconsolable weeping of a grieving widow. There are about 400 functioning fountains dispersed throughout the municipality of Milan. The www.fontanelle.org website has a map of all the refreshing spots.

The oldest vedovella is in the bronze structure located in Piazza Della Scala, unlike other drinking fountains. The architect Luca Beltrami was inspired by the gargoyles on the side of the Duomo. The huge rainwater drains in the shape of scary monsters.

Some of the Local Convenience Stores in Milan

  • Enoteca El Vinatt dal 1964
  • Vivafruit S.R.L.
  • Mini Market Il Negozio Sotto Casa
  • Stendhal’s Mini market
  • Gran Market – Ok Sigma
  • Lino Market
  • La Bottega Simply
  • Semprebio – emporio&ristoro – Cuorebio
  • Market Girasole
  • Euro Zone Market

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeEURUSDGBP
1.5-liter€0.41$0.45£0.37

Other sources:


Tap Water in Prague Safe to Drink? (2019)

Yes, tap water in Prague, Czech Republic is safe to drink. No need to worry about the effect of drinking tap in your health. Usually, you will see drinking fountains in the streets and parks. Feel free to refill your bottles with fresh water. In case these sources aren’t safe to drink such notice will be displayed.

Tap Water in Prague

Prague distributes quality water; therefore, we considered that water from the tap can be used for cooking, washing, and drinking. Bottled water in commerce comes in three modifications sparkling, lightly bubbled and still (without bubbles).

The drinking water quality was monitored pursuant to the Decree No. 252/2004 Code, in the wording of the Decree No. 187/2005 Code, establishing requirements for drinking water and hot water, the scope and frequencies of the drinking water control. The amended Decree No. 187/2005 Code has been valid since 1 June 2005 and regulates namely misprints and also includes certain more precise terms.

Source of Water in Prague, Czech Republic

A portion of water comes from groundwater sources from sand-gravel strata and artesian wells. Its other source of water is surface water from the Jizera River, Želivka River, and Vltava River.

The Prague administrator of water management property is the Pražská Vodohospodářská Společnost a.s. They are responsible for keeping the water supply and sewerage system in a serviceable condition, renovation, and development.

It ensures a sophisticated evolution of this infrastructure for owners of the water management foundation together with investment projects including reconstructions of main pipelines and the sewerage system and projects connected with supplying the capital city with clean water as well as draining and treating the wastewater.

Here Are Some of the Convenience Stores in Prague

  • Pont Market
  • Večerka Na Dolinách
  • Žabka
  • Nonstop minimarket
  • Bio Market
  • Vietnamese grocery
  • AIDA minimarket
  • Market H and Q
  • Potraviny
  • AZA Non-Stop mini market
  • Levné potraviny

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeCZKUSDEURGBP
1.5-liter Kč12.83$0.55€0.50£0.44

Other Sources:


Tap Water in Warsaw Safe to Drink? (2019)

The government guarantees that the tap water quality in Poland, specifically in Warsaw, is safe to drink. Several Poles and tourists use bottled water, especially mineral water, instead of tap water. One of the reasons why they distrust tap water because of the considerable water industry in Poland. Easy to imagine why people avoid soft tap water in favor of fresher bottled water due to a great deal of advertising natural mineral water.

Water companies operating in Poland are required to comply with standards adapted to the European Union (EU) regulations. The most significant directive was to protect water against pollution. The Water Framework Directive (WFD) regulation also changed the water cleanliness evaluation system and the economic water utility functioning in Poland since 1970 and replaced them with the assessment of the general ecological status. Water meant for consumption must not, even potentially, create a danger to individual health. The directive sets both the parameters of the acceptable concentration of harmful substances for the human body.

Source of Water in Warsaw, Poland

Tap Water in Warsaw

Less than 1% of Warsaw’s water comes from groundwater sources (in a couple of smaller outer-lying municipalities). Most of Warsaw’s water comes from the Vistula River to the Zegrze Reservoir. The Zegrze Reservoir or Zegrze Lake is a human-made reservoir in Poland. The dam constructed in 1963 with a hydroelectric complex producing 20 Megawatts of energy.

Three supply systems serve Warsaw inhabitants. Central Water Main is the oldest and developed in the 19th century. But after numerous restorations, it is still operating and providing water for more than half of Warsaw’s inhabitants. The other supply systems are Praga Water Main and Northern Water Main.

Some of the Local Convenience Stores in Warsaw

  • Carrefour Express
  • Żabka
  • Fresh Market
  • Delikatesy Centrum
  • Żabeusz Buy & Cry
  • Shell
  • Sklep osiedlowy
  • Inmedio Trendy
  • hubiz
  • BP
  • Kolporter
  • Lewiatan

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumePLNUSDEURGBP
1.5-liter1.98$0.50€0.46£0.41

Other links:


Is Tap Water in Istanbul Safe to Drink? (2019)

Is tap water safe to drink in Istanbul, Turkey? Yes, it is safe to drink. Tap water is pretreated in water treatment facilities by ISKI ( Water authority of Istanbul ) and drinkable but:

Old pipelines and water tanks in the building can lead to water contaminations. That is out of ISKI control. To avoid contamination, a trace amount of free chloride within the water, which is hard to notice. Due to chloride, hardness, and long retention time in pipes. It may not taste and smell as good as soft natural water. Locals have a very delicate taste, and they prefer not to drink tap water. However, it is safe to say that tap water in Istanbul is safe and clean potable water.

Note:

If you are concerned with your health, we recommend bottled water. As every person is different. Especially if you have a sensitive stomach.

Source of Water in Istanbul, Turkey

Almost all of Istanbul’s drinking water (97%) comes from surface water collected in: 

  • Omerli-Darlik system – on the Asian side  
  • Terkos-Alibeykoy system – on the European side. 

Both consist of dams, reservoirs, water treatment plants, and pipelines.

Tap Water in Istanbul

Reservoirs supply Istanbul is located within the metropolitan area. They are exposed to pollution from settlements without adequate sanitation. Conservation zones around the reservoirs control water quality. Who limit construction and industrial activities in four concentric buffer zones with increasingly strict ordinances the closer the zones are. Despite, there is little implementation of these regulations in the face of rapid and often unplanned urbanization. Illegal settlements sprang up around the reservoirs, fed by land speculation. Afterward, they became de facto legalized with their municipal administrations elected mayors. 

Here Are Some Local Convenience Stores

  • Köşem Grocery Shop
  • Topagaci Kasabi
  • Dilek Gida
  • Doğanlar Mini Market
  • Peynirci Baba
  • Petrol Ofisi Market
  • Özdil Tekel
  • Levent Tekel Shop
  • Novi Pazar Gourmet
  • Gilo Market
  • İndigo Tekel Şarküteri
  • Ak Gida
  • Ekomini
  • Istanbul Mini Market

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeTRUSDEURGBP
1.5-liter₺2.03$0.36€0.33£0.30

Relative links:


Bucharest Tap Water Safe to Drink? (2019)

Bucharest, Romania’s tap water is generally safe. It is part of the European Union that regulates water quality. Though older buildings run the risk of having contaminants in the pipes, and more suspected in rural areas.

Bucharest tap water

Within the year an alert spread in social media that the tap water in Bucharest is not drinkable. The report says that water contains high amounts of chlorine. People were warned not to use water for brushing, cooking, and avoid drinking directly from the tap. The water company, Apa Nova, has released an official press release to clarify the said report. Letting the people know that they should not be alarmed and recommended to let the water run for a few moments before use. Apa Nova explained that they had to perform an additional water treatment in Bucharest, following the sudden melting ice. They also mentioned that there are no measures that break the quality standard of tap water.

Health Minister published that, according to the samples taken, the level of chlorine in the drinking water is within normal parameters.

Source of Water in Bucharest, Romania

Most of the city water comes from surface water. Another portion comes from groundwater in Bucharest. The Danube river is the second largest river in Europe that plays a big part when it comes to the water sources in Romania.

The Bucharest concession was Romania’s first public-private organization in the water and sanitation division. IFC’s part in structuring and completing the transaction presented support to international operators. The deal was made in March 2000. Vivendi of France (now Veolia) won the bid to manage and control the water sanitation system for 25 years. The company had spent more than $250 million in upgrading and maintaining the system. They provide the city with one of the lowest water and sanitation tariffs in Europe. The concession has developed water services, in Bucharest. The city’s standard of services is above other Romanian towns and toward western European levels.

Local Convenience Stores in Bucharest

  • Minimarket
  • Mega Image Shop & Go
  • Profi
  • Godac
  • Hub Convenience
  • Serendipity
  • Stop N Shop
  • Clic
  • DARKO Mini Market
  • Magazin Alimentar Nonstop
  • Carrefour Express
  • Mon Com

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeRONUSDEURGBP
1.5-literlei 2.44$0.57€0.51£0.45

Other links:


Is Tap Water in London Safe to Drink? (2019)

Is tap water safe to drink in London, U.K.? Tap water in London is perfectly safe, though it is hard (i.e.high in calcium) you may not like the taste of the tap water. If you make a hot drink, you will find it leaves a scum on the surface, which is a bit off-putting to look at, but there is nothing wrong with it. UK’s tap water is one of the top-rated in the world.

LONDON Water is Hard

Water is hard by the level of naturally occurring calcium and magnesium compounds in your water; high content classifies water as hard.

Tap Water in London

Hard water is found in regions that have a chalk and limestone geology; water picks up chalk carbonates as it passes through. It is not that London itself is built on chalk and limestone, but the area to the west where it comes from.

There are no health complications in drinking hard water. Nevertheless, hard water can lead to scale forming and may also affect the form of hot drinks, increase soap consumption, and decrease detergent efficiency. That is why your flat white might look a bit weird then.

Water Sources in London, United Kingdom

70% of London’s water is provided by reservoirs, which collect their water from the River Thames, from the west of the city. The large tanks you see around the M4/M25 store the river water ready for treatment.

Before putting it to London Ring Main, the water goes under treatment. A considerable pipe that’s necessarily the M25 of water pipes, surrounding London.

They are taking the water up in this pipe at multiple points and put into storage reservoirs, then run out in pipes, into people’s homes.

Moreover, the other 30% of water comes from boreholes, which bring up groundwater. Composing mainly of rain that has seeped down into the soil — the origin of the water that supplies springs, wells, and boreholes. Also essential flows through the rivers.

Most Common Convenience Stores in London

  • Londis
  • The Convenience Store
  • Best One London
  • Break Point Ltd T/A The convenience Store
  • The Corner Shop
  • Portlands 24/7
  • Ken’s Convenience Store
  • Nisa Local
  • Yours Food Centre
  • N K Convenience Store

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeUSDEURGBP
1.5liter$ 0.74€ 0.66£ 0.60

Other sources:


Is Tap Water in Venice Safe to Drink? (2019)

Yes, tap water in Venice, Italy, is safe for drinking. As a member of the EU must follow strict Drinking Water standards. The public health officials, the environmental protection agency, and the local water service perform several analyses and defines it as safe and fit to drink. They also recognized Venice tap water as one of the best in Italy. To keep the water from contamination, they use chlorine, which explains the taste of the water. Drinking water in Italy is fresh, safe, and easily accessible everywhere. And you may notice a crowd of people around the water well or water fountains in some part of Italy.

Tap Water in Venice

Venice local officials advise tourists to use and take advantage of the free public water stations like the water fountains that are available on every square. You can bring an empty bottle and fill it up from the water fountains, one way to help Venice free from hazard environment. More than 20 million estimated people visit our Venice city every year. Therefore, millions of plastic bottles the guests leave behind add hugely to the city’s already significant waste disposal dilemmas.

Source of Water in Venice, Italy

The water in Venice is piped in from the mainland. The water originates from an area famous for bottled water found 30 km from Venice. And the central part of it begins from underground wells 300 meters deep, completely protected from human activities.

In the ancient years, though Venice was built on a swampland area in a salty lagoon, so its underground had nothing else to give than saltwater. Venetians found a solution to have drinkable water from filter rainwater.

Initially, they have to find a big surface around every well. The next step was to dig these “campi” and “Corti” 5 to 6 meters underground, and use clay, which is accessible in significant amounts in the Venetian soil, to create a solid isolating layer at the bottom. Then these great, and deep holes had to be filled in with river sand of distinctive dimensions. Finally, 2 or 4 gutters were built and set symmetrically throughout the well, which would drain the rainwater from the campo and get it to pass through the sand below its surface. Why squares are not flat but tend rather than to lower around every gutter? So it will be easier for the water to flow towards them naturally.

Some of the Local Convenience Stores in Venice

  • Il Buongusto
  • Coop
  • Plai Natal
  • Finlanka Food City
  • Tabacchi
  • Mini super market
  • SVELTO A&O

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeEURUSDGBP
1.5-liter€0.46$0.51£0.40

Other links:


Is Tap Water in Sofia Safe to Drink? (2019)

The tap water in Sofia, Bulgaria is of high quality and safe to drink. Some reports point out Sofia as the city with the best drinking water in Bulgaria and beyond. The results of the analysis prove that water and wastewater quality evaluation and control in Sofia, Bulgaria are delivered according to the legislation by the European Union.

Sofia Tap Water

In a few older communities and buildings, particularly in the city center, may experience tap water with red to brown color due to aged pipes and common for water coming out of hot water pipes. The water clears typically after running for a short time.

The rusty color is produced by iron particles that break free from rotted iron or steel pipes. Though rusty water may look or taste unpleasant, it is not a health concern and has no adverse health effects.

Source of Water in Sofia, Bulgaria

Tap water in Sofia comes from the drainage basin in the alpine terrains of Rila Mountain about 80 kilometers south of the City. Then water is gathered in the Iskar Dam that provides 80% of the City’s drinking water. The other 20% supplied by Beli Iskar Dam at a higher altitude. The water passes through several water purification plants before reaching your home or valve.

The Kubratovo Wastewater Treatment Plant run by Sofiyska Voda was recognized by the Water and Energy Exchange (WEX) Global Summit 2018 for innovation in water and wastewater management. On the 14 March, and the evening of World Water Day, they held the 6th annual WEX Global Innovation Awards 2018 at Lisbon Portugal. Sofia Wastewater Treatment Plant in Kubratovo received an award for its vital contribution to the water supply and sewerage sector.

Some Popular Convenience Stores in Sofia

  • Dar
  • Astra 97
  • Beryozka Bulgaria
  • Fantastico
  • Farm Charm
  • Shell
  • Rompetrol
  • 2Wins Shop
  • AB market
  • Grocery Djiev
  • shop 245
  • Fresh Market
  • Joy Day
  • Green life

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeBGNEURUSDGBP
1.5-liter0.99 Лв. €0.51$0.55£0.45
500ml0.60 Лв. €0.31$0.33£0.27

Other links:


Is Brussels Tap Water Safe for Drinking? (2019)

You can drink tap water in Brussels, Belgium. As far as the World Health Organization or European Union is concerned, Brussels, Belgium tap water passed the quality standard for drinking water. They also proved that the tap water is healthier than bottled water in Brussels. Authorities managed the quality of water seriously.

Brussels Tap Water

About the taste, it may vary in place you are staying. Especially if you live or stay in an old household or building, the color and flavor may be different from the other. Using old pipes might cause contamination to your tap water. They use little chlorine for treatment to ensure safety. If you will compare the taste of water in Brussels, it is better than tap into New York. To lessen the taste of chlorine, we suggest that you leave the water in your fridge for a few hours. Or in some cases, you may also boil the water for a minute.

Since 2013, in the shade of Saint Michel and Gudule Cathedral, exists a free water fountain of a particular kind. In addition to offering open drinkable water, you also have the option of it being warm or cold and even sparkling water. As you walk downtown, they have available potable water fountains in the area. Hydrating is not an issue; potable water is available almost everywhere.

Source of Water in Brussels, Belgium

The primary source of water in Belgium is from surface water. The water distribution is coming from five river basins. Brussels get water from the Scheldt river basin and the Maas river basin that came from the sea that flows in the Netherlands. Other sources of tap water are springs and groundwater. The local government took a leading role, while the municipalities maintained an essential function for ensuring water supply and treatment.

An impressive perspective of the Belgian water and sanitation sector is the acknowledgment of a fundamental right to water. The Walloon and Brussels Regions have set up Social Funds for Water, which provide financial support to people having difficulties in paying their water bills.

Some of the Local Convenience Stores in Brussels

  • White night
  • Spar Express
  • Le Coin Bleu
  • Louis Delhaize – Porte de Hal
  • Alimentation Générale Sarah
  • Carrefour Express
  • La Bunicuta
  • Superette Nataneli
  • Au Bon Coin Sprl
  • ARARAT NIGHTSHOP
  • Brussels Shop
  • Stop and Save Night Shop
  • Kam Yuen Supermarket
  • Black Night Press Shop & Food Store

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeEURUSDGBP
1.5-liter€0.94$1.04£0.85

Other links:


Vienna Tap Water Safe to Drink? (2019)

It is safe to drink tap water in Vienna, Austria. The tap water in Vienna is beyond the federal health-based drinking water standards. Vienna’s water runs from the mountain springs in the Styrian/Lower Austrian Alps. And it reaches the Austrian capital city 36 hours later, without pumps and under the severest regulations.

Vienna Tap Water

In some parts, you may see warnings that the water is undrinkable (“Kein Trinkwasser”), or a sign of a crossed-out glass of water.

When exploring the city, you may find drinking fountains that are labeled with “Trinkwasser” (drinking water). The municipality has about 1000 drinking fountains that can be found everywhere, like parks and markets.

Source of Water in Vienna, Austria

The Vienna’s tap water originates in the Lower Austrian-Styrian Alps. The first Vienna spring water main incorporates the mountains Schneeberg, Rax and Schneealpe. And the second Vienna’s spring water foremost includes the Hochschwab Massif. Something close to a full circle was built by tapping the Pfannbauern Spring resided in the eastern foothills of the Hochschwab Massif and feeding it into the First Vienna Spring Water Main. The two spring zones cover 675 square kilometers.

Vienna sees itself in the unusual situation of covering almost all of its drinking water need from mountain springs and only obtaining a small portion through groundwater works. As a result, Vienna uses groundwater only in a state of spring water central repairs, severe pipeline damage, or remarkably high water consumption volumes during hot spells.

Here Are Some of the Local Convenience Stores in Vienna (Wien)

  • Okay
  • Firat GesmbH
  • Günter`s Laden
  • Bernhart & Stix Bauernladen KG
  • denn’s Biomarkt
  • Shell
  • Bobbys (Englische Lebensmittel)
  • BP
  • INDOPAK Trading GmbH
  • Julius Meinl am Graben
  • Lili Markt
  • Nakwon Supermarket
  • Toko Sederhana
  • Padani Kosher Shop

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeEURUSDGBP
1.5-liter€0.59$0.65£0.53

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Is Tap Water in Budapest Safe to Drink? (2019)

Can you drink tap water in Budapest Hungary? The answer is yes. They have an authority that monitors the quality of tap water.

Water Source in Budapest, Hungary

Budapest Waterworks deliver fresh and healthy drinking water for over 2 million people in Budapest. Long pipeline system unites wells on Csepel Island, the Margaret Island, the Szentendre Island, as well as the left and right banks of the Danube with the water taps of the homes and workplaces.


Wells is capable of creating and producing 1 million cubic meters of water every day, which is more than the volume used by the people of Budapest on an ordinary day. However, despite water abundance, they regularly keep it in mind that they work with the treasure of the nature that must be preserved by all means.

Tap Water in Budapest

Their company provides high-quality water to the inhabitants of Budapest and many surrounding settlements even in international comparison. Laboratories analyze approximately 11,000 water samples per year and assess the quality of the water produced and supplied based on their characteristics:

  • physical
  • chemical
  • microbiological
  • bacteriological
  • radiological

The results prove that the quality of the Budapest drinking water meets the relevant Hungarian standards and the European Union regulations. The public health authority is monitoring the quality of water.

How is The Disinfection Done?

Before the drinking water enters the pipeline, it is disinfected with chlorine gas using continuously operating chlorine dispensers. In the case of works of art (wells, pools, water towers) and pipeline sections, we also use hypo for disinfection.

To what extent do they add disinfectant to the water? The water consumed does not pose a public health problem. At present, the measurable residual chlorine content is 0.2 mg / l, which is in line with the recommendation of the health authority. We deviate from this value if the quality of the water supplied is adversely affected (such as floods, pipe breaks, ).

Water Hardiness

The enjoyment of drinking water and the efficiency of the water used for washing are partly due to the hardness of the drinking water, i.e., how much calcium oxide (CaO) in one liter of water. According to the measurements in the capital, we can mostly talk about medium-hard water. It is essential to know that the harder the water, the better it tastes. It is true, however, that less efficient washing and our washing machine do not like too hard water. In most cases, such as the packaging of detergent powders, the water hardness is given in so-called German Hardness (NK) *.

The average hardness of the drinking water in our service area is 148 mg / l CaO.

Common Convenience Stores in Budapest

  • The British Store
  • Roni ABC
  • Coop Mini – Dínó Csemege
  • Vietnámi zöldséges
  • Golden Store Kft.
  • Metaxa Mini Market
  • Húsbolt
  • Vitatéka Élelmiszer
  • ABC 0-24
  • Kertész Csemegéje

Bottled Water Estimated Price

Volume HUFUSDEURGBP
1.5-literFt.117.87$0.39€0.35£0.31

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HUNGARIAN and EU REGULATIONS


Tap Water in Zurich Safe to Drink? (2019)

The tap water in Zurich, Switzerland is pure, rich in minerals, and safe to drink. Most probably, it is much better than bottled water. Very common for European countries and cities to have potable water. Tap water is the most managed food in Switzerland and meets the standards of health and safety.

Zurich Tap Water Limmat-river

Everyone has access to 1200 unique fountains located around Zurich, most of which spew drinkable water 24 hours a day. You can refill your bottled water on public fountains unless there’s a sign says the water is not potable. Considering water fountains are free, they still manage to maintain their quality. If you are unfamiliar with the place, you may access the Zurich water map to find the nearest water fountains.

Most buildings have sparkling water, which prefers by some locals, on behalf of that the taste of tap water is a beauty compare to sparkling water. We suggest that you take tap water, which is healthier than purified, filtered, or even sparkling water.

Source of Water in Zurich, Switzerland

The source of tap water in Zurich comes from surface water and groundwater. Surface water from natural springs and lakes. 40% of drinking water is spring water. This water mainly found in the Alps and the Jura. Springwater undergoes a various natural purification process. Another 40% of drinking water originates from groundwater. Groundwater supplies in Switzerland amount to over 50 billion cubic meters of water. The rest is collected from 30 lake waterworks. In lake basins, water from various streams is stored for a long time and is therefore very soft.

The supplier is detecting growing traces of the substance in water in recent years. However, this does not mean that water quality is degenerating. But because more advanced analytical instruments are becoming more accurate. As a result, the quality of water becomes better every year.

Popular Convenience Stores in Zurich

  • Pacchetto
  • Zagros
  • Kiosk Kalkbreite
  • Asia Store
  • avec
  • Shell
  • BP
  • Studylife
  • Eni Cafe & Shop
  • SOCAR
  • migrolino
  • Migros
  • k kiosk

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeCHFUSDEURGBP
1.5-liter Fr. 1.35$1.36€1.23£1.07

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Is Dublin Tap Water Safe to Drink? (2019)

The tap water in Dublin is safe to drink. Drinking water is a scarce commodity vital to the City and the health of its citizens. Every day 540 million liters of high-quality drinking water is provided to 1.5 million customers in the Dublin Region. In general, the quality of the public drinking water supply remained high, according to the report of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). But continued investment to ensure the protection of supply was needed.

Dublin tap water

The record shows that 99.9% of public drinking water samples taken complied with microbiological standards. And 99.6% of samples complied with the chemical rules.

Generally, bigger towns like Dublin, you should feel secure to drink the tap water. But in rural areas, you may want to avoid ice cubes and stick to bottled water cautiously. Several hotels and restaurants throughout the country also have their water filter system that would make it safe to drink.

Source of Water in Dublin, Ireland

The primary source of water supply for the Dublin Region is surface water. Water is abstracted from Poulaphuca lake and treated in Ballymore Eustace Water Treatment Plant. Treated water is then transmitted from Ballymore Eustace to Dublin. Of the water treatment plants, water runs by gravity into large pipes to service reservoirs. These give short-term storage to guarantee a constant water supply throughout peak demand periods. Levels in the reservoirs drop during the day when demand is high and rise by night during demand is low.

From the service reservoirs, water flows through a smaller pipe system (distribution mains) to the City’s homes, schools, and businesses. Most water flows by gravity. However, in some elevated areas, it is necessary to pump. Over two thousand kilometers of underground pipes carry the water in a web-like network through the City.

Another source of water comes from groundwater. ​​​​Groundwater is vital as a source of drinking water, and it supports river flows, lake levels, and ecosystems. It contains natural substances dissolved from the soils and rocks. Human actions on the land surface can cause contamination. As a clean but vulnerable resource, groundwater needs to be managed and protected.

Some of the Local Convenience Stores in Dublin

  • Londis
  • Centra
  • Spar
  • O’Dwyer’s Daybreak
  • QUIK PICK
  • Extramart
  • Aziz Newsagents
  • Costcutter
  • MACE
  • Daybreak
  • Camelot Store
  • Paprika Store
  • Maxol
  • Gala

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeEURUSDGBP
1.5-liter€1.29$1.42£1.16

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Is Amsterdam Tap Water Safe to Drink? (2019)

Is it safe to drink tap water in Amsterdam, Netherlands? It is 100% safe to drink. Amsterdam water is filtered in the dunes around Zandvoort and is of better quality than bottled water. It also contains less calcium to protect your washing machine or water cooler.

In Europe, the highest quality of water, the safest and the cleanest tap water is in Amsterdam. Advanced technology is being used by Dutch water companies to turn surface water to pure, drinkable water without chlorine or fluoride. Tap water in Amsterdam has a score of 8.4 from a scale of 1-10.

Amsterdam citizen scientists recently ran an interesting test, to check the tap water in Amsterdam’s freshness. As expected, the result of drinking water samples was compelling. The biomass and the total bacteria count were very low. Also, about the taste and smell, it was terrific. Therefore, bottled water is not needed. Locals tend to say that tap water is much healthier than mineral water they buy in a supermarket. What is more, Amsterdam’s tap water is very soft because it contains little calcium. Not only can they drink it, but also it is relatively safe for machines like electric kettles, coffee makers, or showerheads.

Is the Netherlands Public Water Safe?

Amsterdam Water

As announced by the Dutch government, drinking from water taps and public drinking fountains in Amsterdam is safe. The beginning of drinking fountains and water taps was in 1903. During this time, many residences do not have access to safe water. The government was committed to providing safe drinking water. Nowadays, it is a prevalent view –locals drinking some freshwater directly from the tap. More convenient and refreshing, especially when the temperature goes up! As a tourist, they will be happy to see that they will be able to drink free water. There are two types of drinking water taps in the city:

• Public drinking fountains – they often called them bubblers. A lot of them are green, others have decorative mosaic, and some have unique colors. Fascinating fact: the water of most city fountains gives a continuous water flow. Newly there are modified fountains that have a new feature – a push-button. They will be adding public water fountains with push buttons if the pilot project is successful.

• Water bottle filler stations or water taps – every year, days and nights, they can have some great tasting and safe water.

Some of the Local Convenience Stores in Amsterdam

  • SPAR
  • Shell Select
  • Supermarket
  • Supermarket Royal XL
  • Avondwinkel UNO
  • Sterk Amsterdam
  • Pinoy Food
  • Kokkes Avondverkoop
  • Marqt
  • BP

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeUSDEUROGBP
1.5-liter$1.07€0.96£0.86

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