Is Accra Tap Water Safe to Drink? (2019)

Safe to drink?No
Passed the WHO International Standard?No
The estimated price of bottled water in USD(1.5-liter)$0.54

Tap water in Accra, Ghana, is not safe for drinking, and some parts lack access to improved sanitation. You should only drink water that is boiled or treated. The majority of families have no access to safe water and lack of upfront funds required to invest in their resolutions. Consequently, those living in poverty usually pay up to ten times more per liter for water service from private vendors than their middle-class counterparts connected to piped water services. Through investments, they can reduce the water cost to developed household water assets such as connections, rainwater harvesting equipment, wells, and latrines. Unfortunately, this requires up-front investments that, without access to financing, are unrealistic for most of these people.

Accra Tap Water
Accra, Ghana

Stick to drinking bottled water in Ghana and try to avoid the sachets of water sold on the street. Often contaminated water can found from the street. Officials advised that you should only buy sealed bottled water to any trusted convenience store or supermarket.

Due to drinking contaminated water, the third most usual reported diarrheal illness at health centers over Ghana. 25% of all deaths in children under the age of five attributed to diarrhea.

Source of Water in Accra, Ghana

Accra tap water originates mostly from surface water treated. And spread by the national water company with a minor and relatively unknown part from groundwater, extracted by individuals except in the southern parts of the city, closer to the sea. The GWCL treats around 61 and 70 million cubic meters per year. Respectively the Weija lake and the Volta River supply the city. Piped supply network covers 36% of the 200 km2 of the AMA municipal area. A third water source in use is groundwater.

The remaining area relies on secondary supply from small scale water vendors that fill up the gap between piped supply and public demand. Not all of the treated water supplied to the city is for human consumption. There are substantial physical losses within the distribution system. These aggravate the situation of water availability. Non-revenue losses comprise non-revenue water and material losses, amounting to 55% of total water supplied.

Accra‘s water administrators have a challenging task as they are covering a significant supply-demand gap. AVRL estimates that the supply in Accra meets only 50-60 % of the actual demand. The term real demand in itself is unclear – but it is assumed that 60% of the population survives on less than the free fundamental requirement.

Some of the Local Convenience Stores in Accra

Lara Mart Convenience store
Lara Mart
  • Max Mart Express
  • Pamicor
  • Lara Mart
  • Koala
  • OPTIONS
  • Saagar
  • Great Wall Supermarket
  • Novelty
  • Shoprite
  • Kayasbabe Mart
  • The Family Store
  • Maxmart 37

Estimated Price of Bottled Water

VolumeGHSUSDEURGBP
1.5-liter ₵3.00$0.54€0.49£0.42

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